The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was identified in 2019 in Wuhan, China, is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. COVID-19 is the name given to the disease associated with the virus.
The virus is transmitted mainly via respiratory droplets through sneezing, coughing, or when people interact with each other for some time without social distance. These droplets can then be inhaled, or they can land on surfaces that others may come into contact with, who can then get infected when they touch their nose, mouth or eyes
Usually a sample from the nose or throat with a long swab has been taken by a health care provider. The molecular tests of these samples are carried out in 37 different COVID-19 Reference Laboratories. Click here for the list of the COVID-19 Reference Laboratories.
There is no specific treatment or vaccine for this disease now. Healthcare providers treat the symptoms rather than the disease. Clinical trials of the potential drugs and vaccines are going on.
No, antibiotics do not effect viruses, they are used for bacterial infections. Antibiotics are used only if there is also a bacterial infection accompanying COVID-19.
The incubation period of the SARS-CoV-2 is between 2-14 days.
Symptoms of COVID-19 vary in severity from having no symptoms at all to having fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue and muscular pain. In the most severe cases, severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis and septic shock, all potentially leading to death.
Based on currently available information and clinical expertise, older adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions might be at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19. The ratio of severe illness is reported as 10%-15%; mortality rate is reported as 2%.
The COVID-19 disease starts with mild symptoms and progress slowly. Patients need hospitalization after one week.
It has been recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The disease originated in the People's Republic of China and has spread to almost all countries in the world as of March 28, 2020. All trips to and from our country have been stopped as of March 27, 2020.
A guide has been prepared on the diagnosis of the disease, the procedures to be applied in the possible case and prevention and control measures. Management algorithms have been created for the detected cases and the duties and responsibilities of the relevant parties have been defined. The guide also includes what individuals who will go to or come from countries with cases should do. This constantly updated guide and presentations regarding the guide, answers to frequently asked questions, posters and brochures can be accessed by official website of the General Directorate of Public Health. Also, respiratory tract samples are taken from people who meet the definition of possible cases and these people are isolated under health facility conditions until the sample result is obtained.
Teams working on a 24/7 basis have been formed in the Public Health Emergencies Operation Center under the General Directorate of Public Health. In our country, all necessary measures have been taken in line with the recommendations of the World Health Organization.
No, there is no vaccine that has been developed yet. Despite the developments in technology, it is considered that a vaccine that can be safely used on humans can be produced at earliest one year.
The basic principles to reduce the risks of transmission of acute respiratory infections can also be applied for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). These are;
- Hand cleaning should be paid utmost attention. Hands need to be washed with soap and water at least 20 seconds. In the absence of water and soap, alcoholic based hand antiseptic should be used. Normal soap is enough; there is no need to use antiseptic or anti-bacterial soap.
- Before cleaning hands; contact with mouth, nose and eyes should be avoided.
- Contact with the infected should be avoided. (If possible, stay at least 1 meters away.)
- Hands should often be washed especially after directly contacting with the infected or with their environment.
- Today, healthy people in our country do not need to use masks. Individuals with viral respiratory tract infection should cover their nose and mouth with a disposable tissue during coughing or sneezing. In the absence of tissue, inside the elbow should be used. Entering crowded places should be avoided. If, entering a crowded place is unavoidable, mouth and nose should be covered and medical mask is recommended to be used.
In general, as these viruses can survive for a short time on surfaces, transmission is not expected from packages or cargo. World Health Organization has no restriction over this subject.
With the statement made by the President Mr. Recep Tayyip ERDOĞAN on March 27, 2020; all international flights were stopped.
It is important to avoid touching your face with unwashed hands. Washing of hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or cleaning hands thoroughly with alcohol-based solutions, gels or tissues is recommended in all settings. It is also recommended to stay one metre or more away from people to reduce the risk of infection through respiratory droplets
It is recommended to cover the nose and mouth with a disposable tissue during coughing or sneezing, and to use the inside of the elbow in cases where the tissue is not available, and if possible not to enter crowded places.
There is no evidence of transmission of novel coronavirus from pets to humans. As a general precaution, it is always wise to observe basic principles of hygiene when in contact with animals
No, regularly washing the nose with salty water is of no use in preventing New Coronavirus infection (COVID-19).